《History and traditions》SectionⅣPPT

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《History and traditions》SectionⅣPPT

第一部分内容:重点知识 合作探究

1Its beautiful countryside excites and inspires all, offering something for each of the senses.(教材P44)

美丽的乡村让所有人为之兴奋和鼓舞,刺激着每一种感官。

剖析 现在分词短语offering something for each of the senses在句中作伴随状语。伴随状语的特点是:它所表达的动作或状态是伴随着句子谓语动词的动作而发生或存在的。

归纳拓展现在分词短语作状语的用法:

(1)作时间状语;(2)作原因状语;(3)作结果状语;(4)作条件状语;(5)作方式状语。

①He sat in the armchair, ___________ .

他坐在扶手椅上读报。

②___________, they all jumped with joy.(=When they heard the news, they ...)

听到这个消息时,他们都高兴得跳了起来。

③___________, I can't write to her.

由于不知道她的地址,我没法给她写信。

④Tom failed all his exams,___________ his parents very angry.

汤姆未能通过一门考试,这令他父母很生气。

⑤ ___________ every day, you'll make progress step by step.

每天听英语,你会逐渐取得进步。

⑥He supported his family ___________.

他靠开出租供养家庭。

(1)指出下列句子中的现在分词在句中作什么状语

①All night long he lay awake, thinking_of_the_problem.(  )

②Walking_slowly across the grass, he pointed the gun at the lion and fired.(  )

③She came running_back to tell me the news.(  )

④Her husband died ten years ago, leaving_her with three children to look after.(  )

⑤Being_sick,_I stayed at home.(  )

⑥Working_hard,_you'll surely succeed.(  )

(2)单句写作

①他淋了雨,因此感冒了。

He was caught in the rain, thus ____________________________.

②这条狗跟着男孩进了屋。

The dog entered the room, ______________________.

① ___________separates America from Europe.

大西洋把美洲和欧洲分隔开来。

②The ship was found after drifting ___________for six months.

那条船在海上漂流了6个月后被找到了。

③What I am trying to do may be just___________.

我努力做的事情可能只是沧海一粟。

单句写作

①他们可以绕岛徒步旅行或在海里游泳。

They may go hiking around the island, or swimming ________________.

②与广播的真正成本相比,他的酬劳不过是九牛一毛。

His fee is ________________ compared with the real cost of broadcasting.

③因特网给每个人提供了浩如烟海的信息。

The Internet serves everyone with ________________.

... ... ...

History and traditions PPT,第二部分内容:学习效果 随堂演练

Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.(2019•北京高考)________ (海洋) colour varies from green to blue, 

depending on the type and concentration of phytoplankton (浮游植物).

2.He is living now in his mother's home ________ (郡) of Oxfordshire.

3.Flowers are chosen for their ________ (香味) as well as their look.

4.They've gone down the ________ (酒馆) for a drink. 

5.According to the local ________ (风俗), he had to kowtow three times.

Ⅱ.单句语法填空

1.Three ________ (cattle) broke into the wheat fields and did much damage.

2.He is the greatest ________ (poetry) who has ever existed.

3.His hometown lies in the ________ (roll) countryside of southwestern France.

4.In________ (strike) contrast to their brothers, the girls were both intelligent and charming.

... ... ...

History and traditions PPT,第三部分内容:课后课时作业

Ⅰ 阅读理解

A

The ancient city is in Pingyao County,  Shanxi Province. The city wall was first built during the Zhou Dynasty. Since 1997,  it has been listed as a World Heritage SiteP1. Now Pingyao city is the only one in China completely protected as it was hundreds of years ago.

The perimeter (周长) of this square city is 6.4 km  long and the city wall is the earliest and largest city wall in China. It is 12m high with the width of 5m. The wall was built with earth and covered with bricks. Outside the city wall there is a river,  4m wide and 4m deep.

There are several gates of the city,  two each on the east and west and one each on the south and north side. All the gates have two doors each. This has given the city the name “Turtle City” with the two gates on the south and north standing for the head and tail of the turtle and four gates on the east and west as the four legs. The doors on the south and north stand opposite each other,  like the head of the turtle extending out and two wells just beyond southern gate are like a turtle's two eyes. 

Located on the trade route between Beijing and Xi'an,  Pingyao developed into a merchantW1 center where the local people set up the nation's earliest banks. These banks were the first in China to use checks. 

Several old courtyardsW2 have been turned intoP2 museums,  most of which were homes and offices of Pingyao's old banks. One of the most unusual aspects of a visit here is realizing that this place was very important to China's financial history.

篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了山西平遥古城的布局和在中国金融历史上的意义。

1.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A.The ancient city—Pingyao.

B.China's ancient financial centre—Pingyao.

C.The city wall of Pingyao.

D.The museums in Pingyao.

2.How many gates are there in Pingyao city?

A.Four.   B.Five.

C.Six.  D.Seven.

3.Which gate in Pingyao city stands for the head of the turtle?

A.The gate on the north.

B.The gate on the south.

C.The gate on the east.

D.The gate on the west.

... ... ...

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